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Ju88 4U + BL
Geoff Charles’ 1940 photo merged with one taken 15/04/2015.
Various sources give the location of this crash site as being at Hafoty’r Bwlch or Afon Clywedog but the location is approximately at grid reference SH 9235 1618. I can’t be absolutely sure I found the precise spot as trying to line up the photos as viewed on an iPhone in bright sunlight wasn’t easy. But someone with more time and printed copies might be able to nail the exact crash site and the above grid ref will be a good starting point.
Oberleutnant Hans Kauter, Beobachter (Observer)
Leutnant Erich Böhle, Flugzeug Böhlehrer (Pilot)
Unteroffizier Gotthard Leisler, Bordfunker (Wireless Operator)
Feldwebel Walter Kobold, Bördschütze (Gunner)
Note; In his 1985 book (see Sources below) Edward Doylerush refers to there being a fifth survivor of this crash, an unnamed Gestapo officer. This detail is repeated on some internet sources without further clarification. However, in his 1999 book, Mr Doylerush makes no mention of it, nor does Nigel Parker in his recent and thorough Luftwaffe Crash Archive series, nor do Bamford & Collier.
Below left; Leutnant Erich Böhle right; Oberleutnant Hans Kauter (photos from E Doylerush, see Sources)
07 September 1940
Junkers 88 4U + BL took off from Buc airfield, 13 miles south west of Paris on a photo reconnaissance mission over Liverpool. The crew had been undertaking such missions to Liverpool over the previous days. On this occasion however they were sighted at 20,000 feet over Hoylake by a Royal Observer Corps spotter who raised the alarm.
Sergeant Lionel Sanderson Pilkington (aged 21, a native of Hull and already a veteran of the Battle of France) of 7 Operational Training Unit was in a MK IB Spitfire and instructing a pupil pilot when he heard the message about the enemy aircraft. He ordered the student pilot back to RAF Hawarden (which is just across the Welsh border near Chester) and climbed to find the Luftwaffe aircraft. Sgt Pilkington chased the Ju88 towards mid-Wales.
Below; Map showing Hoylake where the Ju88 was first spotted, and the crash site in Wales. Map from iTraveluk.
The pilot of the German aircraft, Ltn Böhle said later, “I heard a cry on the intercom, ‘Spitfire! Spitfire!’ and turned the Junkers to escape into the clouds. In this moment we got a heavy blow and the port motor was shot out of action…”
Sgt Pilkington had opened fire from a range of 450 yards, closing to 100 yards. His shots hit the Ju88’s fuselage as well as the port engine. Fw Kobold returned fire, hitting the Spitfire’s port wing. Sgt Pilkington’s last view of the Luftwaffe aircraft was of it streaming smoke from the damaged engine as the aircraft dived for cloud cover at 5,000 feet.
Ltn Böhle continued; “It was very difficult to hold the aircraft with only the force of one engine. Expecting soon a landing, I ordered to let out all the fuel… All this happened in seconds.” Losing altitude all the time, and descending blind through thick cloud, the pilot “saw a little bit of ground, clouds all round, no space for landing.”
The starboard wing struck the top of a hill called Drum Ddu and the aircraft pancake crashed on the side of the hill, whereupon the pilot was knocked unconscious. Fortunately (and possibly because of the pilot’s instruction to empty the fuel tanks) there was no fire. Even so, this was a rare event, the crews of aircraft which crash on high ground having descended through cloud rarely survive.
Obltn Kauter, himself injured from the crash, managed to inflate the emergency life raft and then helped his wounded comrades from the wrecked Ju88 and into it.
The crash happened at 1330. Obltn Kauter then began the arduous journey to raise the alarm. He followed the stream visible in the lead photo and by early evening he had made the four mile walk to the first sign of civilisation, the farmhouse at Gelli-ddolen whereupon he asked the occupants, Idwal and Jane Jones for help.
Below; the now ruined farmhouse at Gelli-ddolen where Obltn Kauter raised the alarm.
The crew were all treated at Machynlleth hospital and were later transferred to PoW camps in Canada. In 1985, Hans Kauter returned to the scene of his ordeal to thank those who had helped him and his crew.
Sgt Pilkington however, did not survive the war. Just a year later, on September 20 1941, and by then promoted to Flight Lieutenant, Lionel Pilkington was shot down and killed by Messerschmitt Bf109s over Hazebrouk, France. He had been due to marry his fiancée, Barbara Walker just 6 days hence.
Below; Sgt Pilkington (photo from Bamford & Collier, see Sources)
Below; the scene looking north, then and now
Below; the scene looking east. The most obvious differences being the Forestry Commission plantations and the absence of a German bomber on the side of the hill.
Michael Ashcroft, Heroes of the Skies, 2012
Joe Bamford & Ron Collier, Eyes of the Night, 2005
Edward Doylerush, No Landing Place, 1985
Edward Doylerush, No Landing Place – Volume 2, 1999
Nigel Parker, Luftwaffe Crash Archive – Volume 3, 2013
The photos of the crashed Ju88 were taken by photojournalist Geoff Charles (1909 – 2002). See here for more of Mr Charles’ wartime photos of Wales.